11 March 2003 MIRAX: a hard X-ray imaging mission
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Abstract
We describe the hard x-ray mission MIRAX - jointly proposed by teams from Brazil, the USA, Germany and the Netherlands. The scientific objective is to provide continuous 2-200 keV imaging of the central 1000 square degrees of our Galaxy for 9 months per year over up to 5 years. Durign times when the sun crosses the Galactic Center other areas like the Cygnus-, Vela- and the Magellanic Cloud-regions can be observed. MIRAX will detect, localize, identify and study sources of medium to hard x-ray emission, with special emphasis on short-lived, rare and unpredictable events, including weak x-ray transients and fast x-ray movae. MIRAX will reach in a one day observation a sensitivity of 1mCrab in 2-10 keV and 2.5mCrab in 10-100keV. MIRAX will provide a unique capability to study compact galactic objects - notably accreting neutron stars and black holes. It will:- Probe neutron star and x-ray burst theory wiht 20,000 type I x-ray bursts and 50 'superbursts' - Measure spin frequencies of neutron stars from 10-100 burst oscillations - Observe explosive flares and x-ray light curves during ejections in superluminal jets - Study soft gamma-ray repeaters, fast x-ray novae and new types of phenomena yet to be discovered. We describe the science and the instrumentation.
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Ruediger Staubert, Ruediger Staubert, Richard E. Rothschild, Richard E. Rothschild, William A. Heindl, William A. Heindl, James L. Matteson, James L. Matteson, Jorn Wilms, Jorn Wilms, Eckhard Kendziorra, Eckhard Kendziorra, Ronald A. Remillard, Ronald A. Remillard, Joao Braga, Joao Braga, John Heise, John Heise, } "MIRAX: a hard X-ray imaging mission", Proc. SPIE 4851, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Telescopes and Instruments for Astronomy, (11 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.461353; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461353
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