11 February 2003 Solar wind imaging facility (SWIFT) for space weather research
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Abstract
The interplanetary scintillation (IPS) method can observe the dynamics and structure of the solar wind in three dimensions with a relatively short time cadence (<1 day) using IPS radio sources distributed over the sky. Because of this advantage over in situ measurements, we have been conducting multi-station 327 MHz IPS observations at the Solar-Terrestrial Environment Laboratory. The IPS measurement is a line-of-sight integration which is a convolution of the solar wind structures, the distance of these from the Earth and other diffraction effects present along the line of sight. We have recently succeeded in developing a method to deconvolve the line-of-sight integration effects using a computer-assisted-tomography (CAT) technique to obtain solar wind speed and electron density fluctuations. The CAT analysis not only retrieves three-dimensional solar wind parameters, but also provides better spatial resolutions than previous analysis techniques. The present IPS system at STELab observes several tens of IPS sources a day. To make solar wind observations with higher spatial and temporal resolution using the CAT method, we need more perspective views of the solar wind. Therefore, we are planning a new UHF antenna with an effective collecting area of 5500m^2 that will observe more than 100 IPS sources per day. The antenna is designed with a tolerance for radio noise interference and high aperture efficiency. Based on the successful development of the IPS CAT analysis, we are presently continuing a US-Japan cooperative project for space weather research between UCSD/CASS and STELab. This project with the new antenna will enhance IPS/US cooperation including future comparative analyses of data from the Solar Mass Ejection Imager (SMEI) and from STEREO.
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Masayoshi Kojima, Masayoshi Kojima, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Ken-ichi Fujiki, Ken-ichi Fujiki, Yoshio Ishida, Yoshio Ishida, Tomoaki Ohmi, Tomoaki Ohmi, Keiji Hayashi, Keiji Hayashi, Masahiro Yamashita, Masahiro Yamashita, } "Solar wind imaging facility (SWIFT) for space weather research", Proc. SPIE 4853, Innovative Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, (11 February 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.460271; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.460271
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