24 February 2003 DIVA optical telescope
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Abstract
The German Instrument for Multi-channel Photometry and Astrometry (DIVA), dedicated to the German (DLR) small extraterrestrial satellite program, is intended as a kind of technology precursor mission to GAIA. DIVA is scheduled for launch in 2004 and shall perform a sky survey to measure within 2 years life time the positions, parallaxes, magnitudes, etc. of about 35 million stars. The main instrument, covering the spectral range of 400-1000nm, observes 2 fields of view (0.6° x 0.77°) by a single Focal Plane Assembly (FPA). The focal length is 11200mm. The DIVA Optomechanics is based on a high precision Three Mirror Anastigmat (TMA) concept with 8 mirrors, 5 of them flat. An extremely high short term stability (torsion tolerance) of 0.3 mas over 10h only has to be realized only by passive means to achieve the astrometrical performance requirements. The paper describes the phase B2 design activities wrt. the optomechanical and thermal design of the main instrument. Special emphasis is given to an exhausting, but very pragmatic thermomechanical and optical performance trade off between a cost effective athermal design concept, applying mirrors and an optical bench made from a specially treated isotropic aluminum alloy, and a thermally stable hybrid material concept based on a Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics (CFRP) sandwich structure and Zerodur mirrors. The selection of the final baseline design solution shall be reported. According to the very high long and short scale surface properties of the candidate aluminum mirrors a sophisticated manufacturing procedure was established based on conventional and ion beam polishing techniques. The representative breadboard mirror test results will be given.
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Roland Graue, Dirk Kampf, Siegfried Roeser, Ulrich Bastian, Walter Seifert, "DIVA optical telescope", Proc. SPIE 4854, Future EUV/UV and Visible Space Astrophysics Missions and Instrumentation, (24 February 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.459822; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.459822
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