17 February 2003 CARMA: specifications and status
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Abstract
The Combined Array for Research in Millimeter-wave Astronomy (CARMA) is a 23-antenna heterogeneous millimeter array under construction in the White/Inyo Mountains of eastern California. CARMA will merge the existing Owens Valley and Berkeley-Illinois-Maryland Association arrays into a single instrument focusing on pure research, technology development and student training. A new high-altitude site will enable routine 205-265 GHz observing, and may allow observations in the 345 GHz window. Eight additional 3.5-m antennas from the University of Chicago will also be integrated into CARMA when not imaging the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect towards clusters of galaxies. At first light, the array will observe at 12, 3 and 1.3 mm using a mix of SIS and MMIC-based receivers. A new, highly flexible correlator incorporating reprogrammable FPGA technology will process configurable subsets of the antennas specified according to the science objectives. Leading-edge water vapor radiometers will be used to correct for atmospheric opacity and signal phase fluctuations. CARMA will be capable of both high resolution and wide-field imaging, covering a range of angular scales unmatched by any current or planned millimeter-wave instrument. The high sensitivity, sub-arcsecond angular resolution and excellent uv-coverage of CARMA will ensure major advances in studies of the universe. The array will provide high-fidelity resolved images of solar-system objects, protostars, protoplanetary disks, and galaxies both nearby and at high redshift - directly addressing many key research areas in astronomy and astrophysics.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Anthony J. Beasley, Stuart N. Vogel, "CARMA: specifications and status", Proc. SPIE 4855, Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, (17 February 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.459357; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.459357
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KEYWORDS
Antennas

Galactic astronomy

Spatial resolution

Astronomy

Optical correlators

Carbon monoxide

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