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17 February 2003 Terahertz frequency multiplier chains based on planar Schottky diodes
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Abstract
The Herschel Space Observatory (HSO), an ESA cornerstone mission with NASA contribution, will enable a comprehensive study of the galactic and the extra galactic universe. At the heart of this exploration are ultra sensitive coherent detectors for high-resolution spectroscopy. Successful operation of these receivers is predicated on providing a sufficiently powerful local oscillator (LO) source. Historically, a versatile space qualified LO source for frequencies beyond 500 GHz has been difficult if not impossible. This paper will focus on the effort under way to develop, build, characterize and qualify a LO chain to 1200 GHz (Band 5 on HSO) that is based on planar GaAs diodes mounted in waveguide circuits. State-of-the-art performance has been obtained from a three-stage (×2×2×3) multiplier chain that can provide a peak output power of 120 μW (1178 GHz) at room temperature and a peak output power of 190 μW at 1183 GHZ when cooled to 113 K. Implementation of this LO source for the Heterodyne Instrument for Far Infrared (HIFI) one of three instruments on HSO will be discussed in detail.
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Frank Maiwald, Erich Schlecht, Alain Maestrini, Goutam Chattopadhyay, John C. Pearson, Dave Pukala, and Imran Mehdi "Terahertz frequency multiplier chains based on planar Schottky diodes", Proc. SPIE 4855, Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors for Astronomy, (17 February 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.459355
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