1 July 2002 TCP flow control using link layer information in mobile networks
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Proceedings Volume 4865, Internet Performance and Control of Network Systems III; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.473402
Event: ITCom 2002: The Convergence of Information Technologies and Communications, 2002, Boston, MA, United States
Abstract
Mobile Networks have been expanding and IMT-2000 further increases their available bandwidth over wireless links. However, TCP, which is a reliable end-to-end transport protocol, is tuned to perform well in wired networks where bit error rates are very low and packet loss occurs mostly because of congestion. Although a TCP sender can execute flow control to utilize as much available bandwidth as possible in wired networks, it cannot work well in wireless networks characterized by high bit error rates. In the next generation mobile systems, sophisticated error recovery technologies of FEC and ARQ are indeed employed over wireless links, i.e., over Layer 2, to avoid performance degradation of upper layers. However, multiple retransmissions by Layer 2 ARQ can adversely increase transmission delay of TCP segments, which will further make TCP unnecessarily increase RTO (Retransmission TimeOut). Furthermore, a link bandwidth assigned to TCP flows can change in response to changing air conditions to use wireless links efficiently. TCP thus has to adapt its transmission rate according to the changing available bandwidth. The major goal of this study is to develop a receiver-based effective TCP flow control without any modification on TCP senders, which are probably connected with wired networks. For this end, we propose a TCP flow control employing some Layer 2 information on a wireless link at the mobile station. Our performance evaluation of the proposed TCP shows that the receiver-based TCP flow control can moderate the performance degradation very well even if FER on Layer 2 is high.
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Hiroyuki Koga, Hiroyuki Koga, Kenji Kawahara, Kenji Kawahara, Yuji Oie, Yuji Oie, } "TCP flow control using link layer information in mobile networks", Proc. SPIE 4865, Internet Performance and Control of Network Systems III, (1 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.473402; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.473402
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