11 July 2002 Application of photonic crystal defects in constructing all-optical switches, optical delay lines and low-cross-talk waveguide intersections for ultrashort optical pulses
Author Affiliations +
Proceedings Volume 4870, Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications II; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.475549
Event: ITCom 2002: The Convergence of Information Technologies and Communications, 2002, Boston, MA, United States
Abstract
We present a systematic study of coupled defects in photonic crystals (PCs) and explore their applications in constructing optical components and devices for ultrafast all-optical signal processing. First, we find that very deep band gaps can be generated in the impurity bands of coupled cavity waveguides (CCWs) by a small periodic modulation of defect modes. This phenomenon implies a high-efficiency all-optical switching mechanism. The switching mechanism can be easily extended from one-dimensional (1D) to two-dimensional and three-dimensional PC structures by utilizing the coupling of defect pairs which are generally present in PCs. Second, we suggest that CCWs with quasiflat and narrow impurity bands can be employed as efficient delay lines for ultrashort pulses. Criteria for designing such kind of CCWs have been derived from the analysis of defect coupling and the investigation of pulse transmission through various CCWs. It is found that the availability of quasiflat impurity bands depends not only on the intrinsic properties of the constituting defects but also on the detailed configuration of CCWs. In experiments, optical delay lines based on 1D monorail CCWs have been successfully fabricated and characterized. Finally, we have proposed a new mechanism for constructing waveguide intersections with broad bandwidth and low cross-talk.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sheng Lan, Sheng Lan, Yoshimasa Sugimoto, Yoshimasa Sugimoto, Satoshi Nishikawa, Satoshi Nishikawa, Naoki Ikeda, Naoki Ikeda, Tao Yang, Tao Yang, Kozyo Kanamoto, Kozyo Kanamoto, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Kiyoshi Asakawa, Kiyoshi Asakawa, } "Application of photonic crystal defects in constructing all-optical switches, optical delay lines and low-cross-talk waveguide intersections for ultrashort optical pulses", Proc. SPIE 4870, Active and Passive Optical Components for WDM Communications II, (11 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.475549; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.475549
PROCEEDINGS
12 PAGES


SHARE
RELATED CONTENT

Slow-light photonic crystal switches and modulators
Proceedings of SPIE (February 16 2010)
Coupled cavities in photonic crystals
Proceedings of SPIE (April 24 2002)
All-optical Ti:LiNbO3 waveguide switch
Proceedings of SPIE (February 28 1991)
Optically controlled photonic crystal nanocavity in silicon
Proceedings of SPIE (October 13 2004)

Back to Top