17 March 2003 Monitoring thermal status of ecosystems with MODIS land-surface temperature and vegetation index products
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Abstract
The global land-surface temperature (LST) and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) products retrieved from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data in 2001 were used in this study. The yearly peak values of NDVI data at 5km grids were used to define six NDVI peak zones from -0.2 to 1 in steps of 0.2, and the monthly NDVI values at each grid were sorted in decreasing order, resulting in 12 layers of NDVI images for each of the NDVI peak zones. The mean and standard deviation of daytime LSTs and day-night LST differences at the grids corresponding to the first layer of NDVI images characterize the thermal status of terrestrial ecosystems in the NDVI peak zones. For the ecosystems in the 0.8-1 NDVI peak zone, daytime LSTs distribute from 0-35 °C and day-night LST differences distribute from -2 to 22 °C. The daytime LSTs and day-night LST differences corresponding to the remaining layers of NDVI images show that the growth of vegetation is limited at low and high LSTs. LSTs and NDVI may be used to monitor photosynthetic activity and drought, as shown in their applications to a flood-irrigated grassland in California and an unirrigated grassland in Nevada.
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Zhengming Wan, "Monitoring thermal status of ecosystems with MODIS land-surface temperature and vegetation index products", Proc. SPIE 4879, Remote Sensing for Agriculture, Ecosystems, and Hydrology IV, (17 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.462411; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.462411
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