In implementing China Western Development, there is no doubt that we should pay more attention to studying the sustainable development in arid north-west regions because those areas are backward in economy and hostile in natural environment, and have strategic positions to promote the real development of western regions. Of those regions, Xinjinag has even strong potentials to have a great impact on different factors of sustainable development because it is more inland than any other western region. Particularly, it is essential for us to take advantage of even more flexibility which dominates the means of adjustment and control of water resources utilisation and management, and to give a strong back-up in government decision-making.
This paper focuses on Xinjiang water resource status to propose four characteristics in Xinjiang water resources and to point out relevant existing problems. According to the internal and external environments of China Western Development, the paper analyses the impact of developing trends in Xinjiang water resources on agriculture planting, manufacturing industry production, urbanisation, ecology evolution, and natural environment changes. In addition, this paper probes several problems on supply and demand of Xinjiang water resources.
Lastly, the paper relies on the perspective of sustainable development as guidance, and on the perspective of water resources value as a basic theory to propose the relevant suggestions and countermeasures in the relationship of Xinjiang water resources development to societal and economic development.