30 April 2003 Spaceborne rainfall Doppler radar measurements: correction of errors induced by pointing uncertainties
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Abstract
In this paper we present a sea surface radar echo spectral analysis technique to correct for the rainfall velocity error caused by radar pointing uncertainty. The correction procedure is quite straightforward when the radar is observing a homogeneous rainfall field. On the other hand, when NUBF occurs and attenuating frequencies are used, additional steps are necessary in order to correctly estimate the antenna pointing direction. This new technique relies on the application of Combined Frequency-Time (CFT) algorithm to correct for uneven attenuation effects on the observed sea surface Doppler spectrum. The performance of this correction technique was evaluated by Monte Carlo simulation of the Doppler precipitation radar backscatter model, and the high-resolution 3D rain fields generated by a cloud resolving numerical model. Our preliminary results show that the antenna pointing induced error can indeed be successfully removed by the proposed technique.
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Eastwood Im, Simone Tanelli, Roberto Mascelloni, and Luca Facheris "Spaceborne rainfall Doppler radar measurements: correction of errors induced by pointing uncertainties", Proc. SPIE 4894, Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment III, (30 April 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.467764; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.467764
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