14 April 2003 Climatic features of SCS summer monsoon onset and its possible mechanism
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The high quality dataset from the South China Sea (SCS) Monsoon Experiment and 40-year NCEP/NCAR reanalysis data are used to investigate the large scale features and abrupt change in meteorological elements during the onset of the SCS summer monsoon. It is found that the SCS summer monsoon establishment is characterized by the South Asian High migrating swiftly from the eastern side of Philippines to the northern part of Indo-China Peninsula and the enhancement of the Bay of Bengal trough and equatorial westerly over the Indian Ocean associated with the equatorial westerly expanding towards northeastward, and followed by the mid-low latitude interaction and continuous retreat eastward of the western Pacific subtropical high. Numerical results reveal that the Indial Peninsula acts as a critical role for the enhancement of the Bay of Bengal trough with a cyclonic difference circulation excited to the east side of the peninsula through ground sensible heating in such a way that the SCS summer monsoon occurs prior to the Indian summer monsoon.
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Jinhai He, Jinhai He, Haiming Xu, Haiming Xu, Lijuan Wang, Lijuan Wang, Bing Zhou, Bing Zhou, } "Climatic features of SCS summer monsoon onset and its possible mechanism", Proc. SPIE 4899, Atmospheric and Oceanic Processes, Dynamics, and Climate Change, (14 April 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.466689; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.466689

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