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15 April 2003 Comparison of thermal and polarization switching frequency response in VCSELs
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Proceedings Volume 4942, VCSELs and Optical Interconnects; (2003)
Event: Photonics Fabrication Europe, 2002, Bruges, Belgium
We present an experimental and rate-equation based theoretical study of the current-driven polarization modulation properties of VCSELs. In some VCSELs abrupt polarization switching (PS) between two polarization modes is observed at a particular value of the pump current. We investigate the dynamics and the associated dominating time scales of PS as these features are strongly linked with the underlying physical mechanism causing the PS. To this end we measure both for gain- and index-guided VCSELs the critical modulation amplitude necessary to steadily force PS back and forth across the PS point as a function of the modulation frequency. This yields the current-driven polarization modulation frequency response, which we compare with the thermal frequency response of the studied devices. The dynamic behavior turns out to be strikingly different for the different VCSEL types. Thermal effects only play a minor role in the PS in our index-guided VCSELs, while they really seem to lie at the origin of PS in the gain-guided VCSELs. By implementing this in a rate-equation based theoretical model of the current-driven polarization modulation properties of VCSELs we are able to explain the peculiarities of the measured response curves and to reproduce the experimental findings.
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Guy Verschaffelt, Jan Albert, Bob Nagler, Michael Peeters, Hugo Thienpont, Irina P. Veretennicoff, Jan Danckaert, Sylvain Barbay, Giovanni Giacomelli, and Francesco Marin "Comparison of thermal and polarization switching frequency response in VCSELs", Proc. SPIE 4942, VCSELs and Optical Interconnects, (15 April 2003);

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