29 July 2003 Spatiotemporal characteristics of cerebral blood volume changes in different microvascular compartments evoked by sciatic nerve stimulation in rat somatosensory cortex
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Abstract
The spatio-temporal characteristics of changes in cerebral blood volume associated with neuronal activity were investigated in the hindlimb somatosensory cortex of α-chloralose/urethan anesthetized rats (n=10) with optical imaging at 570nm through a thinned skull. Activation of cortex was carried out by electrical stimulation of the contralateral sciatic nerve with 5Hz, 0.3V pulses (0.5ms) for duration of 2s. The stimulation evoked a monophasic optical reflectance decrease at cortical parenchyma and arteries sites rapidly after the onset of stimulation, whereas no similar response was observed at vein compartments. The optical signal changes reached 10% of the peak response 0.70±0.32s after stimulation onset and no significant time lag in this 10% start latency time was observed between the response at cortical parenchyma and arteries compartments. The evoked optical reflectance decrease reached the peak (0.25%±0.047%) 2.66±0.61s after the stimulus onset at parenchyma site, 0.40±0.20s earlier (P<0.05) than that at arteries site (0.50±0.068% 3.06±0.70s). Variable location within the cortical parenchyma and arteries compartment themselves didn’t affect the temporal characteristics of the evoked signal significantly. These results suggest that the sciatic nerve stimulation evokes a local blood volume increase at both capillaries (cortical parenchyma) and arterioles rapidly after the stimulus onset but the evoked blood volume increase in capillaries could not be entirely accounted for by the dilation of arterioles.
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Pengcheng Li, Qingming Luo, Weihua Luo, Shanbin Chen, Haiying Cheng, Shaoqun Zeng, "Spatiotemporal characteristics of cerebral blood volume changes in different microvascular compartments evoked by sciatic nerve stimulation in rat somatosensory cortex", Proc. SPIE 4955, Optical Tomography and Spectroscopy of Tissue V, (29 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.478130; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.478130
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