1 July 2003 Microfabricated optical fiber with microlens that produces large field-of-view video-rate optical beam scanning for microendoscopy applications
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Abstract
Our goal is to produce a micro-optical scanner at the tip of an ultrathin flexible endoscope with an overall diameter of 1 mm. Using a small diameter piezoelectric tube actuator, a cantilevered optical fiber can be driven in mechanical resonance to scan a beam of light in a space-filling, spiral scan pattern. By knowing and/or controlling the fiber position and acquiring backscattered intensity with a photodetector, an image is acquired. A microfabrication process of computer-controlled acid etching is used to reduce the mass along the fiber scanner shaft to allow for high scan amplitude and frequency. A microlens (<1 mm diameter) is fabricated on the end of the optical fiber to reduce divergence of the scanned optical beam. This added mass of the microlens at the free end of the fiber causes the location of the second vibratory node to shift to near the focal length of the microlens. The result is a microlens undergoing angular rotation along two axes with minimal lateral microlens displacement. Preliminary experimental results indicate that this method of optical beam scanning can deliver laser energy over wide fields of view (>50 degrees full angle), up to video scan rates (>10 KHz), while maintaining a scanner diameter of 1 mm. A comparison can be made to bi-axial mirror scanners being fabricated as a MEMS device (micro-electro-mechanical system). Based on the opto-mechanical performance of these microlensed fiber scanners, flexible catheter scopes are possible for new microendoscopies that combine imaging with laser diagnoses.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Eric J. Seibel, Eric J. Seibel, Mark Fauver, Mark Fauver, Janet L. Crossman-Bosworth, Janet L. Crossman-Bosworth, Quinn Y. J. Smithwick, Quinn Y. J. Smithwick, Chris M. Brown, Chris M. Brown, } "Microfabricated optical fiber with microlens that produces large field-of-view video-rate optical beam scanning for microendoscopy applications", Proc. SPIE 4957, Optical Fibers and Sensors for Medical Applications III, (1 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.478049; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.478049
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