12 September 2003 Interchannel cross-talk in FWM-based phase conjugators
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When a Kerr medium is pumped by a strong laser beam, the nonlinear process of four-wave mixing (FWM) can mix the pump laser and a weak signal to generate a phase-conjugated version of the signal. Optical phase conjugation (OPC) may be employed to compensate the chromatic dispersion and nonlinearity of transmission fibers. It may even serve as a parametric amplifier when the pump is sufficiently intense. Furthermore, the FWM effect is capable of phase-conjugating or amplifying many wavelength-division multiplexed (WDM) signals simultaneously. However, the same FWM effect results in parasitic processes by generating inter-mixing terms among the WDM signals. The center frequency of such unwanted mixing terms may coincide with some of the original or conjugated WDM signals to cause significant interference. This paper studies such interference effect by means of theoretical calculation and computer simulation. It is shown that the coherent interference effect decreases as the pump-power to signal-power ratio (PSR) increases. Unfortunately, there could still be strong interference even with a PSR of 20dB. Some guard-band in the frequency domain is necessary to avoid such coherent interference: if the total bandwidth of the WDM signals is W, then the nearest signal should be more than W away from the pump frequency.
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Haiqing Wei, Haiqing Wei, Xin Xue, Xin Xue, David V. Plant, David V. Plant, } "Interchannel cross-talk in FWM-based phase conjugators", Proc. SPIE 4972, Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications II, (12 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.473055; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.473055

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