4 June 2003 Application of computer-generated rainbow holograms of 3D images in optical security devices
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Abstract
This work deals with Computer-Generated Rainbow Holograms (CGRHs), which can restore the 3D images under white light. They are devoted to include in Diffractive Optically Variable Image Devices (DOVIDs) that are currently widely used for security needs. CGRHs prevent counterfeiting due to the complexity of recreation on the one hand and allow the simple identification at the first (visual) level of verification on the other hand. To record it the Electron Beam Lithography (EBL) is used. The CGRH computation process is conventionally divided on two parts: synthesis and recording. On the synthesis stage, firstly, the geometrical and optical constants of recording scheme are determined, secondly, the basic parameters accounting for discretization of ID in hologram plane are defined and, finally, the calculation of the Interferogram Data (ID) - the array of Bipolar Intensity (BI) values - is carried out. This calculation is performed separately in each independent horizontal slice of object space and hologram plane. On the recording stage a suitable quantization parameters are chosen and transformation of ID into the multilevel rectangle data appropriate for EBL is accomplished. The investigations on optimization of synthesis and recording of the multilevel CGRHs of 3D images integrated in Polygrams are presented here. So the rules for definition of the appropriate discretization parameters were finding out. Advantages of using non-linear quantization that implies condensing of quantization levels near the BI zero were explored. The random deviation of location and direction of elemental hybrid radiating area was applied.
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Vladimir I. Girnyk, Vladimir I. Girnyk, Alexandr V. Kononov, Alexandr V. Kononov, Ilya S. Borisov, Ilya S. Borisov, } "Application of computer-generated rainbow holograms of 3D images in optical security devices", Proc. SPIE 5005, Practical Holography XVII and Holographic Materials IX, (4 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.476700; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.476700
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