30 May 2003 Investigation into screenless 3D TV
Author Affiliations +
If a three dimensional image is to be projected into mid-air in a room with bare walls, then light must follow a curving path. Since this does not happen in a vacuum, a gradient must be introduced into the refractive index of air itself, which can be introduced by varying either the temperature or pressure of air. A reduction from 300°C to room temperature across the front of a 1 mm wide ray will bend it with a radius of curvature of 3 m. However the temperature gradient cannot be sustained without an unacceptably aggressive mechanism for cooling. The pressure gradients delivered by sound waves are dynamically sustainable, but even powers as extreme as 175 dBm at 25 kHz deliver a radius of curvature of only 63 m. It appears that something will have to be added to the air if such displays are to be possible.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christian Moller, Christian Moller, Oliver S. Cossairt, Oliver S. Cossairt, Stephen A. Benton, Stephen A. Benton, Lucy Stockbridge, Lucy Stockbridge, Adrian R. L. Travis, Adrian R. L. Travis, } "Investigation into screenless 3D TV", Proc. SPIE 5006, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems X, (30 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.477274; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.477274


Multi-view 3D display using waveguides
Proceedings of SPIE (July 16 2015)
Shell rendering with hardware-supported data extraction
Proceedings of SPIE (April 26 1995)
Three-dimensional ultrasonic imaging
Proceedings of SPIE (November 14 1993)

Back to Top