28 May 2003 New instantaneous frequency estimation method based on the use of image processing techniques
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The aim of this paper is to present a new method for the estimation of the instantaneous frequency of a frequency modulated signal, corrupted by additive noise. This method represents an example of fusion of two theories: the time-frequency representations and the mathematical morphology. Any time-frequency representation of a useful signal is concentrated around its instantaneous frequency law and realizes the diffusion of the noise that perturbs the useful signal in the time - frequency plane. In this paper a new time-frequency representation, useful for the estimation of the instantaneous frequency, is proposed. This time-frequency representation is the product of two others time-frequency representations: the Wigner - Ville time-frequency representation and a new one obtained by filtering with a hard thresholding filter the Gabor representation of the signal to be processed. Using the image of this new time-frequency representation the instantaneous frequency of the useful signal can be extracted with the aid of some mathematical morphology operators: the conversion in binary form, the dilation and the skeleton. The simulations of the proposed method have proved its qualities. It is better than other estimation methods, like those based on the use of adaptive notch filters.
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Monica Borda, Monica Borda, Ioan Nafornita, Ioan Nafornita, Alexandru Isar, Alexandru Isar, } "New instantaneous frequency estimation method based on the use of image processing techniques", Proc. SPIE 5014, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems II, (28 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.477759; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.477759

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