28 May 2003 Use of machine vision techniques to detect human settlements in satellite images
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Abstract
The automated production of maps of human settlement from recent satellite images is essential to studies of urbanization, population movement, and the like. The spectral and spatial resolution of such imagery is often high enough to successfully apply computer vision techniques. However, vast amounts of data have to be processed quickly. In this paper, we propose an approach that processes the data in several different stages. At each stage, using features appropriate to that stage, we identify the portion of the data likely to contain information relevant to the identification of human settlements. This data is used as input to the next stage of processing. Since the size of the data has reduced, we can now use more complex features in this next stage. These features can be more representative of human settlements, and also more time consuming to extract from the image data. Such a hierarchical approach enables us to process large amounts of data in a reasonable time, while maintaining the accuracy of human settlement identification. We illustrate our multi-stage approach using IKONOS 4-band and panchromatic images, and compare it with the straight-forward processing of the entire image.
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Chandrika Kamath, Chandrika Kamath, Sailes K. Sengupta, Sailes K. Sengupta, Douglas N. Poland, Douglas N. Poland, John A. H. Futterman, John A. H. Futterman, } "Use of machine vision techniques to detect human settlements in satellite images", Proc. SPIE 5014, Image Processing: Algorithms and Systems II, (28 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.477745; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.477745
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