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20 June 2003 High capacity reversible watermarking for audio
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A digital watermark can be seen as an information channel, which is hidden in a cover signal. It is usually designed to be imperceptible to human observers. Although imperceptibility is often achieved, the inherent modification of the cover signal may be viewed as a potential disadvantage. In this paper, we present a reversible watermarking technique for digital audio signals. In our context reversibility refers to the ability to restore the original input signal in the watermark detector. In summary, the approach works as follows. In the encoder, the dynamic range of the input signal is limited (i.e. it is compressed), and part of the unused bits is deployed for encoding the watermark bits. Another part of these bits is used to convey information for the bit-exact reconstruction of the cover signal. It is the purpose of the watermark detector to extract the watermark and reconstruct the input signal by restoring the original dynamic range. In this study we extensively tested this new algorithm with a variety of settings using audio items with different characteristics. These experiments showed that for 16bit PCM audio, capacities close to 1-bit per sample can be achieved, while perceptual degradation of the watermarked signal remained acceptable.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michiel van der Veen, Fons Bruekers, Arno van Leest, and Stephane Cavin "High capacity reversible watermarking for audio", Proc. SPIE 5020, Security and Watermarking of Multimedia Contents V, (20 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.476858;


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