7 May 2003 Optimal rate control for video coding based on a hybrid MMAX/MMSE criterion
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In this paper, we consider the problem of rate control for video transmission. We focus on finding off-line optimal rate control for constant bit-rate (CBR) transmission, where the size of the encoder buffer and the channel rate are the constraints. To ensure a maximum minimum quality is obtained over all data units (e.g., macro blocks, video frames or group-of-pictures), we use a minimum maximum distortion (MMAX) criterion for this buffer-constrained problem. We show that, due to the buffer constraints, a MMAX solution leads to a relatively low average distortion, because the total rate budget is not completely utilized. Therefore, after finding a MMAX solution, an additional minimization of average distortion criterion is proposed to increase overall quality of the data sequence by using remaining resources. The proposed algorithm (denoted MMAX+ as it incorporates both MMAX and the additional average quality optimization stage) leads to an increase in average quality with respect to the MMAX solution, while providing a much more constant quality than MMSE solutions. Moreover we show how the MMAX+ approach can be implemented with low complexity.
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Sang-Yong Lee, Sang-Yong Lee, Antonio Ortega, Antonio Ortega, } "Optimal rate control for video coding based on a hybrid MMAX/MMSE criterion", Proc. SPIE 5022, Image and Video Communications and Processing 2003, (7 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.476645; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.476645

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