7 May 2003 Recognition of user-defined video object models using weighted graph homomorphisms
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Abstract
In this paper, we propose a new system for video object detection based on user-defined models. Object models are described by 'model graphs' in which nodes represent image regions and edges denote spatial proximity. Each node is attributed with color and shape information about the corresponding image region. Model graphs are specified manually based on a sample image of the object. Object recognition starts with automatic color segmentation of the input image. For each region, the same features are extracted as specified in the model graph. Recognition is based on finding a subgraph in the image graph that matches the model graph. Evidently, it is not possible to find an isomorph subgraph, since node and edge attributes will not match exactly. Furthermore, the automatic segmentation step leads to an oversegmented image. For this reason, we employ inexact graph matching, where several nodes of the image graph may be mapped onto a single node in the model graph. We have applied our object recognition algorithm to cartoon sequences. This class of sequences is difficult to handle with current automatic segmentation algorithms because the motion estimation has difficulties arising from large homogeneous regions and because the object appearance is typically highly variable. Experiments show that our algorithm can robustly detect the specified objects and also accurately find the object boundary.
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Dirk Farin, Peter H. N. de With, Wolfgang Effelsberg, "Recognition of user-defined video object models using weighted graph homomorphisms", Proc. SPIE 5022, Image and Video Communications and Processing 2003, (7 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.476522; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.476522
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