30 May 2003 Dynamic three-dimensional optical tracking of an ablative laser beam
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Surgical resection remains the treatment of choice for brain tumors with infiltrating margins but is limited by visual discrimination between normal and neoplastic marginal tissues during surgery. Imaging modalities such as CT, MRI, PET, and optical biopsy techniques can accurately localize tumor margins. We believe coupling the fine resolution of current imaging techniques with the precise cutting of mid-infrared lasers through image-guided neurosurgery can greatly enhance tumor margin resection. This paper describes a feasibility study designed to optically track in three-dimensional space the articulated arm delivery of a non-contact ablative laser beam. Infrared-emitting diodes were attached to the handheld probe of an articulated arm to enable optical tracking of the laser beam focus in the operating room. Crosstalk between the infrared laser beam and the tracking diodes was measured. The geometry of the adapted laser probe was characterized for tracking a makeshift passive tip and laser beam focus. The target localization accuracies for both probe configurations were assessed. Stray laser light did not affect optical tracking accuracy. The mean target registration errors while optically tracking the laser probe with a passive tip and tracking the laser beam focus were 9.24 ± 5.14 and 3.16 ± 1.04 mm, respectively. Analysis of target localization errors indicated that precise optical tracking of a laser beam focus in three-dimensional space is feasible. However, since the projected beam focus is spatially defined relative to the tracking diodes, tracking accuracy is highly sensitive to laser beam delivery geometry and beam trajectory/alignment out of the articulated arm.
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Steven C. Gebhart, Steven C. Gebhart, Robert L. Galloway, Robert L. Galloway, E. Duco Jansen, E. Duco Jansen, } "Dynamic three-dimensional optical tracking of an ablative laser beam", Proc. SPIE 5029, Medical Imaging 2003: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Display, (30 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.480208; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.480208

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