5 June 2003 Monte Carlo study of x-ray cross talk in a variable resolution x-ray detector
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Abstract
A variable resolution x-ray (VRX) detector provides a great increase in the spatial resolution of a CT scanner. An important factor that limits the spatial resolution of the detector is x-ray cross-talk. A theoretical study of the x-ray cross-talk is presented in this paper. In the study, two types of the x-ray cross-talk were considered: inter-cell and inter-arm cross-talk. Both types of the x-ray cross-talk were simulated, using the Monte Carlo method, as functions of the detector field of view (FOV). The simulation was repeated for lead and tungsten separators between detector cells. The inter-cell x-ray cross-talk was maximum at the 34-36 cm FOV, but it was low at small and the maximum FOVs. The inter-arm x-ray cross-talk was high at small and medium FOVs, but it was greatly reduced when variable width collimators were placed on the front surfaces of the detector. The inter-cell, but not inter-arm, x-ray cross-talk was lower for tungsten than for lead separators. From the results, x-ray cross-talk in a VRX detector can be minimized by imaging all objects between 24 cm and 40 cm in diameter with the 40 cm FOV, using tungsten separators, and placing variable width collimators in front of the detector.
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Roman Melnyk, Frank A. DiBianca, "Monte Carlo study of x-ray cross talk in a variable resolution x-ray detector", Proc. SPIE 5030, Medical Imaging 2003: Physics of Medical Imaging, (5 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.480014; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.480014
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