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2 May 2003 Characterization of tissue response to radiofrequency ablation using 3D model-based analysis of interventional MR images
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Abstract
Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), real-time guidance is feasible for radiofrequency (RF) current ablation of pathologic tissue. Lesions have a characteristic two-zone appearance: an inner core (Zone I) surrounded by a hyper-intense rim (Zone II). A better understanding of both the immediate (hyper-acute) and delayed (sub-acute) physiological response of the target tissue will aid development of minimally invasive tumor treatment strategies. We performed in vivo RF ablations in a rabbit thigh model and characterized the tissue response to treatment through contrast enhanced (CE) T1 and T2 weighted MR images at two time points. We measured zonal grayscale changes as well as zone volume changes using a 3D computationally fitted globally deformable parametric model. Comparison over time demonstrated an increase in the volume of both the inner necrotic core (mean 56.5% increase) and outer rim (mean 16.8% increase) of the lesion. Additionally, T2 images of the lesion exhibited contrast greater than or equal to CE T1 (mean 35% improvement). This work establishes a foundation for the clinical use of T2 MR images coupled with a geometric model of the ablation for noninvasive lesion monitoring and characterization.
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Brent D. Weinberg, Roee S. Lazebnik M.D., Michael S. Breen, Jonathan S. Lewin, and David L. Wilson "Characterization of tissue response to radiofrequency ablation using 3D model-based analysis of interventional MR images", Proc. SPIE 5031, Medical Imaging 2003: Physiology and Function: Methods, Systems, and Applications, (2 May 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.480414
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