15 May 2003 Combined intra- and inter-slice motion artifact suppression in magnetic resonance imaging
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We propose a technique for suppression of both intra-slice and inter-slice types of motion artifacts simultaneously. Starting from the general assumption of rigid body motion, we consider the case when the acquisition of the k-space is in the form of bands of finite number of lines arranged in a rectilinear fashion to cover the k-space area of interest. We also assume that an averaging factor of at least 2 is desired. Instead of acquiring a full k-space of each image and then average the result, we propose a new acquisition strategy based on acquiring the k-space in consecutive bands having 50% overlap going from one end of the phase encoding direction to the other end. In case of no motion, this overlap can be used as the second acquisition (NEX=2). When motion is encountered, both types motion are reduced to the same form under this acquisition strategy. In particular, detection and correction of motion between consecutive bands result in suppression of both motion types. In this work, this is achieved by utilizing the overlap area to estimate the motion, which is then taken into consideration in further reconstruction (or even acquisition if real-time control is available on the MR system). We demonstrate the accuracy and computational efficiency of this motion estimation approach. Once the motion is estimated, we propose a simple strategy to reconstruct artifact-free images from the acquired data that take into account the possible voids in the acquired k-space as a result of rotational motion between blades.
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Haitham M. Ahmed, Haitham M. Ahmed, Refaat E. Gabr, Refaat E. Gabr, Abou-Bakr M. Youssef, Abou-Bakr M. Youssef, Keith Heberlein, Keith Heberlein, Xiaoping Hu, Xiaoping Hu, Yasser M. Kadah, Yasser M. Kadah, "Combined intra- and inter-slice motion artifact suppression in magnetic resonance imaging", Proc. SPIE 5032, Medical Imaging 2003: Image Processing, (15 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.481403; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.481403

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