23 May 2003 In vitro assessment of a new algorithm for quantitative echo measurement of heart valve regurgitant jet
Author Affiliations +
The measure of the regurgitant flow through heart valves provides an indication of the severity of the valve closure dysfunction with diagnostic relevance. The estimation of the volume passing through the closed valve during systole, and its ratio with the ejection volume, can significantly improve the assessment of an ongoing valvular pathology. The noninvasive quantification of flow converging to the valve is still lacking a satisfying degree of precision. The most popular technique is the Proximal Isovelocity Surface Area (PISA), which assumes that, in the flow field upstream of the valve, the surfaces corresponding to the same velocity are spherical, whence the regurgitant flow is estimated by multiplication with the hemispherical surface area. In the present study, a new method is proposed of color Doppler echocardiography image processing, for regurgitant flow measurements. In this method, called Proximal Arbitrary Surface Conservative Assessment of Leakage (PASCAL), the laws of fluid dynamics are used to reconstruct the entire flow field, in the hypothesis of axial symmetry, starting from the echographic Doppler mapping of one component of velocity. In vitro experiments have confirmed that the new method provides better flow estimates than PISA, on account of its more rigorous physical model of the regurgitant flow.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mauro Grigioni, Mauro Grigioni, Gianni Tonti, Gianni Tonti, Gianni Pedrizzetti, Gianni Pedrizzetti, Carla Daniele, Carla Daniele, Giuseppe D'Avenio, Giuseppe D'Avenio, } "In vitro assessment of a new algorithm for quantitative echo measurement of heart valve regurgitant jet", Proc. SPIE 5035, Medical Imaging 2003: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing, (23 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.479911; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.479911

Back to Top