8 July 2003 Fabrication and properties of few-modes planar lithium glass waveguides
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Proceedings Volume 5036, Photonics, Devices, and Systems II; (2003) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.498636
Event: Photonics, Devices, and Systems II, 2002, Prague, Czech Republic
Potentially low loss lithium ion-exchanged glass waveguides were fabricated in various types of silicate glass substrates and characterized by a number of analytical as well as optical methods. The migration of lithium ions was studied in details using the NDP method. The small radius of the Li+ and its high mobility resulted in high strain in the exchanged region causing thus heavily surface damage of the samples. Two crucial points of the matter were solved: to avoid the surface damage the fabrication temperatures must be above the transformation point of used glass (Tg), and to fabricate few-modes waveguides the highly Li-diluted reaction melts must be used.
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Linda Salavcova, Linda Salavcova, Pavla Nekvindova, Pavla Nekvindova, Jarmila Cervena, Jarmila Cervena, Anna Langrova, Anna Langrova, Vaclav Drahos, Vaclav Drahos, Jarmila Spirkova, Jarmila Spirkova, } "Fabrication and properties of few-modes planar lithium glass waveguides", Proc. SPIE 5036, Photonics, Devices, and Systems II, (8 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.498636; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.498636

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