1 August 2003 Dynamics-based damage inspection of an aircraft wing panel
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This paper presents the dynamic characteristics and damage detection of an aircraft wing panel using a scanning laser vibrometer. The panel has an irregular shape with side lengths 16.44" x 14.82" x 11.10" x 5.38" x 14.22", different values of thickness (0.059" to 0.110"), and seven ribs on its backside. An in-house finite element code GESA is used to model the panel using 528 DKT plate elements and to obtain mode shapes and natural frequencies, and Operational Deflection Shapes (ODS) are measured using a scanning laser vibrometer. Results show that numerical dynamic characteristics agree well with the experimental ones. Six defects are created in the panel, including four small nuts glued on the backside and two small slots cut by electron discharge machining. Detection of the six defects is performed using the distributions of RMS velocities under high-frequency broadband periodic chirp excitations provided by a PZT patch and damage locating curves obtained by processing experimental ODSs using a newly developed BOudnary Effect Evaluation (BEE) method. The BEE method is non-destructive and model-independent; it processes experimental ODSs to reveal local boundary effects caused by defects. Experimental results show that the six small defects in the panel can be pinpointed using the approach.
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P. Frank Pai, P. Frank Pai, Byeong-Seok Kim, Byeong-Seok Kim, Jaycee H. Chung, Jaycee H. Chung, } "Dynamics-based damage inspection of an aircraft wing panel", Proc. SPIE 5046, Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring of Aerospace Materials and Composites II, (1 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.484111; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.484111

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