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13 August 2003 Thermomechanical properties of Ni60%weightTi40%weight
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Abstract
60-NiTinol (60% Nickel 40% Titanium content by weight) was developed by the US Naval Ordnance Laboratory in the 1950s as a structural form of NiTinol. Due to 60-NiTinol's extreme brittleness the application development was abandoned. Nitinol Technology Inc. successfully produced cutting instruments with this material in the early 90's. Subsequent work demonstrated that with the proper heat treatment the material exhibits a strong, stable, shape memory response. Unlike other Nitinol alloys, 60-Nitinol does not require cold work. Initial testing of this material shows that the transition temperature is a strong function of the heat treatment. Therefore the same ingot of material can produce samples with superelastic and shape memory effect. Samples with different heat treats exhibited transition temperatures varying from -55 C to +60 C. Additionally, appropriate heat treatment allows the material to exhibit extreme hardness (Rc 63) or a two-way shape memory effect. This paper provides the first study of the thermomechanical properties, including stress-strain curves and thermal cycling, of axially loaded slender 60-Nitinol samples. The samples were tested at extremely high stress level greater than 695 MPa (100 ksi) with recoverable strain of 2.5%. In addition, flexures designed with potential for aerospace applications were tested. This initial research shows that 60-Nitinol has some enticing advantages over 55 Nitinol, however further study is required.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Dan J. Clingman, Frederick T. Calkins, and Josef P. Smith "Thermomechanical properties of Ni60%weightTi40%weight", Proc. SPIE 5053, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, (13 August 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.498548
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