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11 September 2003 Characterization of a GEM-3 array for UXO classification
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Abstract
We have designed and built a non-synchronous, sequential array of GEM-3 sensors for use with the Multi-sensor Towed Array Detection System (MTADS) with support from ESTCP. The roughly 2-m square array consists of three, 96-cm diameter GEM-3s in a triangular configuration. The GEM drive electronics have been modified to produce a substantially higher transmit moment, and thus increased sensitivity, than the standard GEM-3. The individual sensors transmit a composite waveform made up of ten frequencies from 30 Hz to 48 kHz for a single 1/30 s base period. Sequential operation allows two of these base periods for deconvolution and output of the frequency-dependent response from each GEM-3. After allowing for a short coil settling time between sensors, we achieve an array sampling rate of just over 9 Hz. Coupled with our standard survey speed of 3 mph, this results in a down-track sampling spacing of ~15 cm. The cross-track spacing is 50 cm. We have characterized these sensors at our Blossom Point test site. The static and dynamic response of the array to a variety of ordnance, ordnance simulants, and scrap is presented with consideration given to both detection and classification.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Herbert H. Nelson, Bruce J. Barrow, Thomas H. Bell, Bill San Filipo, and I. J. Won "Characterization of a GEM-3 array for UXO classification", Proc. SPIE 5089, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets VIII, (11 September 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.486865
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