18 September 2003 Distributed sensor network for local-area atmospheric modeling
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In the event of a Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) chemical or radiological release, quick identification of the nature and source of the release can support efforts to warn, protect and evacuate threatened populations downwind; mitigate the release; provide more accurate plume forecasting; and collect critical transient evidence to help identify the perpetrator(s). Although there are systems available to assist in tracking a WMD release and then predicting where a plume may be traveling, there are no reliable systems available to determine the source location of that release. This would typically require the timely deployment of a remote sensing capability, a grid of expendable air samplers, or a surface sampling plan if the plume has dissipated. Each of these typical solutions has major drawbacks (i.e.: excessive cost, technical feasibility, duration to accomplish, etc...). This paper presents data to support the use of existing rapid-response meteorological modeling coupled with existing transport and diffusion modeling along with a prototype cost-effective situational awareness monitor which would reduce the sensor network requirements while still accomplishing the overall mission of having a 95% probability in converging on a source location within 100 meters.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Patrick D. French, Patrick D. French, John S. Lovell, John S. Lovell, Nelson L. Seaman, Nelson L. Seaman, } "Distributed sensor network for local-area atmospheric modeling", Proc. SPIE 5090, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications V, (18 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.487369; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.487369


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