18 September 2003 Energy-quality tradeoffs in sensor tracking: selective activation with noisy measurements
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Energy-efficient tracking of a target using a sensor network has received significant attention in recent research. Our earlier study on energy-quality tradeoffs in target tracking with binary sensors showed that optimal selective activation of sensor nodes based on prediction of the target's trajectory could achieve orders of magnitude savings in the energy expenditure over naive and random activation, while achieving almost the same tracking quality. In this paper, we consider a more realistic sensor model and extend the analysis of activation strategies to account for the presence of noise in sensor measurements. Our results confirm that the best quality of tracking that can be obtained with selective activation depends on the noise level in sensor measurements and that the optimal radius of activation depends on the noise level and the density of deployment. We also show how duty cycling with selective activation can be used to obtain flexible tradeoffs between the energy expenditure and quality of tracking.
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Sundeep Pattem, Sundeep Pattem, Bhaskar Krishnamachari, Bhaskar Krishnamachari, "Energy-quality tradeoffs in sensor tracking: selective activation with noisy measurements", Proc. SPIE 5090, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications V, (18 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.487488; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.487488

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