23 September 2003 Estimation of trace vapor concentration pathlength in plumes for remote sensing applications from hyperspectral images
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Abstract
Hyperspectral images in the long wave-infrared can be used for quantification of analytes in stack plumes. One approach uses eigenvectors of the off-plume covariance to develop models of the background that are employed in quantification. In this paper, it is shown that end members can be used in a similar way with the added advantage that the end members provide a simple approach to employ non-negativity constraints. A novel approach to end member extraction is used to extract from 14 to 53 factors from synthetic hyperspectral images. It is shown that the eigenvector and end member methods yield similar quantification performance and, as was seen previously, quantification error depends on net analyte signal. Mismatch between the temperature of the spectra used in the estimator and the actual plume temperature was also studied. A simple model used spectra from three different temperatures to interpolate to an “observed” spectrum at the plume temperature. Using synthetic images, it is shown that temperature mismatch generally results in increases in quantification error. However, in some cases it caused an off-set of the model bias that resulted in apparent decreases in quantification error.
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Neal B. Gallagher, Neal B. Gallagher, David M. Sheen, David M. Sheen, Jeremy M. Shaver, Jeremy M. Shaver, Barry M. Wise, Barry M. Wise, John F. Shultz, John F. Shultz, } "Estimation of trace vapor concentration pathlength in plumes for remote sensing applications from hyperspectral images", Proc. SPIE 5093, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery IX, (23 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.490164; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.490164
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