23 September 2003 Examining hyperspectral unmixing error reduction due to stepwise unmixing
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Unmixing hyperspectral images inherently transfers error from the original hyperspectral image to the unmixed fraction plane image. In essence by reducing the entire information content of an image down to a handful of representative spectra a significant amount of information is lost. In an image with low spectral diversity that obeys the linear mixture model (such as a simple geologic scene), this loss is negligible. However there exist inherent problems in unmixing a hyperspectral image where the actual number of spectrally distinct items in the image exceeds the resolving ability of an unmixing algorithm given sensor noise. This process is demonstrated here with a simple statistical analysis. Stepwise unmixing, where a subset of end-members is used to unmix each pixel provides a means of mitigating this error. The simplest case of stepwise unmixing, constrained unmixing, is statistically examined here. This approach provides a significant reduction in unmixed image error with a corresponding increase in goodness of fit. Some suggestions for future algorithms are presented.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Michael E. Winter, Michael E. Winter, Paul G. Lucey, Paul G. Lucey, Donovan Steutel, Donovan Steutel, } "Examining hyperspectral unmixing error reduction due to stepwise unmixing", Proc. SPIE 5093, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery IX, (23 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.487392; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.487392

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