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25 August 2003 Performance prediction model for road-constrained multiple target tracking
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The performance of tracking systems depends on numerous factors including the scenario, operating conditions, and choice of tracker algorithms. For tracker system design, mission planning, and sensor resource management, the availability of a tracker performance model (TPM) for the standard measures of performance (MOPs) would be of high practical value. Ideally, the TPM has high computational efficiency, and is insensitive to the particular low-level details of highly complex algorithms and unimportant operating conditions. These characteristics would eliminate the need for high fidelity Monte Carlo simulations that are expensive and time consuming. In this paper, we describe a performance prediction model that generates track life distributions and other MOPs. The model employs a simplified Monte Carlo simulation that accounts for sensor orbits, sensor coverage, target dynamics. A key feature is an analytical expression that approximates the probability of correct association (PCA) among reports and tracks. The expression for the PCA that we use was developed by Mori et. al. for simplified scenarios where there is a single class of targets, the noise is Gaussian, and the covariance matrices are identical for all targets. Based on heuristic considerations, we extend this result to the case of road-constrained tracking where both on-road and off-road targets are present. We investigate the validity of the proposed expression by means of Monte Carlo simulations, and present preliminary results of a validation study that compares the performance of an actual tracker with the performance predictions of our model.
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Pablo O. Arambel, Eugene M. Lavely, and Herbert Landau "Performance prediction model for road-constrained multiple target tracking", Proc. SPIE 5096, Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XII, (25 August 2003);

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