23 July 2003 Modification of error reconciliation scheme for quantum cryptography
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Proceedings Volume 5128, First International Symposium on Quantum Informatics; (2003) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.517879
Event: First International Symposium on Quantum Informatics, 2002, Lipki, Russian Federation
Quantum cryptography is essentially the quantum key distribution (QKD). In the context of QKD, one from two partners (Alice) generates and sends a sequence of qubits through a private quantum channel to another partner (Bob) and Bob receives the sequence and measures the state of each qubit. After the quantum transmission stage, Alice and Bob have almost identical qubit sequences. The erros are due to physical imperfections in the channel and presence of an eavesdropper. The next stage in QKD is key reconciliation (i.e. finding and correcting discrepancies between Alice's string and that of Bob). This reconciliation can be done by public discussion. Let us suppose there is a secret quantum channel between Alice and Bob through which Alice transmits a n-bit string A=(A1, A2,...,An)ε{0,1}n. Then Bob receives a n-bit string B=(B1, B2,...,Bn)ε{0,1)n. The string B differs from A due to the presence of noise and eavesdropper in the channel. One can estimate the bit error probability in the channel. For example, Bob can choose a random subset from his string and send it to Alice in public. Then Alice compares the received string with her corresponding subset and calculates the total number of protocol steps. The cascade scheme uses the interaction over the public channel to correct the secret strings by dividing them into the blocks of a fixed length. The length is determined from the bit error probability. A simple interactive routine is applied in each of these blocks. An error found in some block results in some action with other blocks. It is important to optimize the error-finding routines in standalone blocks as well as to organize the effective constrution of blocks with the object of protocol benchmark, information leakage and number of interactions between partners.
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Konstantin Kuritsyn, Konstantin Kuritsyn, } "Modification of error reconciliation scheme for quantum cryptography", Proc. SPIE 5128, First International Symposium on Quantum Informatics, (23 July 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.517879; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.517879

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