23 June 2003 Video coding of model based at very low bit rates
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Proceedings Volume 5150, Visual Communications and Image Processing 2003; (2003) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.500193
Event: Visual Communications and Image Processing 2003, 2003, Lugano, Switzerland
Abstract
Very low bit rate coding is an important part of the MPEG-4 standard. To obtain maximum compression in videoconference sequences a technique called model-based coding can be used. With this technique, the face of the speaker is represented by a model, and its movement between frames is coded with a small set of parameters. As with all MPEG standards, the encoder algorithm is not described and this leaves the door open to many possible implementations. In this paper, a summary of model-based coding is presented. Many fields have been studied, including 3D wire-frame models, face detection, facial feature extraction, motion parameter estimation, and face model parameter coding. Several problems need to be solved before model-based video communication will become practical. Some of them are discussed in this paper, such as how to detect and locate a face in an image, how to extract parameters from an image to adapt a face model, and how to compress the animation parameters.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
XianPing Fu, Zhao Wang, "Video coding of model based at very low bit rates", Proc. SPIE 5150, Visual Communications and Image Processing 2003, (23 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.500193; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.500193
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