23 December 2003 Direct detection Doppler wind lidar: ground-based operation to space
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Observing System Simulation Experiments (OSSE) conducted by organizations and reseachers around the world indicate that accurate global wind profiles observed by a spaceborne Doppler wind lidar (DWL) have the potential to significantly improve weather forecasting, hurricane tracking, and global climate studies. Accurate wind profiles from airborne and spaceborne platforms will also have national defense and homeland security applications. In this paper, we will first give a brief review of the history and status of Doppler wind lidar development. Then we will present some results from GroundWinds, a ground-based direct detection Doppler wind lidar (D3WL) technology development and demonstration testbed sponsored by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). We will describe our plan for observing winds from 30 km looking down as part of the BalloonWinds program. We will then use GroundWinds as references to discuss the feasibility and requirements for a spaceborne D3WL in the context of an initial point design. We will discuss Raytheon's internal research and development (IRAD) plan with the objective of developing a prototype space-qualified laser as an engineering model and risk reduction laser for a spaceborne Doppler wind lidar.
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Jinxue Wang, Jinxue Wang, Michael Dehring, Michael Dehring, Carl Anthony Nardell, Carl Anthony Nardell, Deidra A. Dykeman, Deidra A. Dykeman, Berrien Moore, Berrien Moore, } "Direct detection Doppler wind lidar: ground-based operation to space", Proc. SPIE 5154, Lidar Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring IV, (23 December 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.507953; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.507953

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