4 November 2003 Seasonal variation of UV radiation in the ocean under clear and cloudy conditions
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Abstract
Seasonal variability of solar UV radiation in ocean waters is estimated on a global scale by combining satellite measurements of scene reflectivity (TOMS), column ozone (TOMS) and chlorophyll concentration (SeaWiFS) with radiative transfer calculations for an ocean-atmosphere system. The new features are an extension of underwater radiative transfer (scattering and absorption) into the UV, inclusion of polarization in the above water diffuse radiances, the proper treatment of Fresnel reflection, and first order atmospheric backscatter of water-leaving radiance to the oceans. Maps of downwelling diffuse irradiances (Ed) at ocean surface and at different depths in the ocean, diffuse attenuation coefficient (Kd), and ten percent penetration depth (Z10) of solar irradiation are computed for open ocean waters. Results on spectral irradiances at 310 nm in UV-B and at 380 nm in UV-A part of the spectrum are presented with particular emphasis on the role of aerosols, clouds, and ozone in the atmosphere and chlorophyll concentrations in the ocean.
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Ziauddin Ahmad, Ziauddin Ahmad, Jay R. Herman, Jay R. Herman, Alexander P. Vasilkov, Alexander P. Vasilkov, Maria Tzortziou, Maria Tzortziou, B. Gregory Mitchell, B. Gregory Mitchell, Mati Kahru, Mati Kahru, } "Seasonal variation of UV radiation in the ocean under clear and cloudy conditions", Proc. SPIE 5156, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, (4 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.505298; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.505298
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