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4 November 2003 Understanding the factors that affect surface UV radiation
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Abstract
Spectral measurements of solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation have been made at several ground-based locations and for more than ten years at some sites. There are two main reasons why these measurements are important. Firstly, the measurements combined with results of radiative transfer models contribute toward our understanding of the many complicated radiative transfer processes in the atmosphere and at the Earth's surface. These processes include absorption of radiation by atmospheric gases such as ozone and sulfur dioxide, scattering by atmospheric aerosols and clouds, and scattering from the Earth's surface. Knowledge of these processes is required for operational applications such as the estimation of surface UV radiation from satellite data and the forecasting of the UV Index. Also, our ability to estimate UV climatology in the past, as well as the future, requires thorough knowledge of the UV radiative transfer processes. The second reason for making systematic ground-based measurements of UV radiation is to determine whether long-term changes are occurring as a result of ozone depletion or climate change and to identify specific causes. Examples of how long-term ground-based data records have contributed to our understanding of surface UV radiation will be presented.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
James B. Kerr "Understanding the factors that affect surface UV radiation", Proc. SPIE 5156, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, (4 November 2003); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.509305
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