3 February 2004 Frame store PN-CCD detector for space applications
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Abstract
The fully depleted PN-CCD detector is meanwhile field-tested in several experiments on ground and in space. Its application as focal plane detector aboard ESA's XMM-Newton observatory can be considered as the most impressive one. The further development of this detector type including its readout chip in the MPI semiconductor laboratory is presented here. The new device, called frame store PN-CCD, shows substantial improvement of performance, in particular concerning the energy resolution and the probability of out of time event occurrence. Moreover, the detector offers features which are of great importance for its application in space. This is, besides the radiation hardness of the CCD, the variety of feasible pixel sizes and the high frame rates in combination with the small power consumption of the detector. Because of the thin radiation entrance window and the full depletion of the chip, the detector provides a high quantum efficiency for soft X-rays as well as for optical light and the near infrared. The frame store PN-CCD detector will be applied for the proposed X-ray astronomy missions DUO and ROSITA.
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Norbert Meidinger, Ladislav Andricek, Stefan Bonerz, Jakob Englhauser, Robert Hartmann, Guenther Hasinger, Sven Herrmann, Peter Holl, Rainer H. Richter, Heike Soltau, Lothar Strueder, "Frame store PN-CCD detector for space applications", Proc. SPIE 5165, X-Ray and Gamma-Ray Instrumentation for Astronomy XIII, (3 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.507119; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.507119
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