3 November 2003 A new method to treat a spherical lens as a combination of two perpendicular lengthless cylindrical lenses in ray tracing
Author Affiliations +
We present a new suggest on for treating skew rays. In the new suggestion, we hypothetically divide a spherical lens, at each point of intersection of the incident rays with the spherical lens, into two effective perpendicular lengthless cylindrical lenses. One of the hypothetical cylindrical lenses is effective in the vertical direction while the other is effective in the horizontal direction. A method is given for calculating the resulted vertical and horizontal angles of refraction. After calculating these angles one can combine, at that point of incidence, the two components into a vector sum to find the resultant refracted ray. The new suggested method is first discussed and demonstrated for one single lens, and then generalized to optical systems of many components. The method's power and effectiveness in lens and optical systems design is demonstrated. A software package is designed and written for the purpose of optical ray tracing. The new method is implemented in this software. The name we gave to this package is "CALOSD". CALOSD is an acronym for Computer Aided Lens and Optical Systems Design. CALOSD is capable of producing very accurate tabulated data as well as graphical displays of an optical system and rays traced from different points or angles of view; including a top view.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Layla S. Al-Ali, Khalid H. Rasheed, "A new method to treat a spherical lens as a combination of two perpendicular lengthless cylindrical lenses in ray tracing", Proc. SPIE 5173, Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering IV, 51730F (3 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.509248; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.509248


Microcomputers And Optical Design
Proceedings of SPIE (September 16 1980)
Simple mathematical representation of toroidal surfaces
Proceedings of SPIE (February 10 2006)
The Use Of Paraxial Solves In Lens Design
Proceedings of SPIE (December 01 1978)
Computer modeling of shadowgraph optical setup
Proceedings of SPIE (January 11 2007)

Back to Top