19 November 2003 Application of H.264 for DoD sensor systems
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Abstract
The Department of Defense (DoD) Motion Imagery Standards Board (MISB) has adopted ITU-T Rec. H.264 (Baseline, Main, and Extended Profiles) to be the standard for applications constrained by low bandwidth channels (typically less than 1 Mb/s that may not be adequately supported by MPEG-2). H.264 will be carried over the MPEG-2 transport streams using ISO/IEC 13818-1:2000/FPDAM 3: "Information technology --Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio: Systems, AMENDMENT 3: Transport of ISO/IEC 14496 part 10 [ITU-T H.264] video data over ISO/IEC 13818-1" (DRAFT). This is a part of a new principal called "Xon2" to support the "seamless" rollout of advanced video compression technologies without disrupting current and future operations and systems. "X" defines existing or future video compression technologies and "on2" refers to the use of MPEG-2 transport streams and files. The MISB predecessor VWG standardized on MPEG-2 (H.262) in 1996. "2on2" payloads have been successfully deployed using standards compliant MPEG-2 compressed video elementary streams, audio elementary streams, and SMPTE standard 336M KLV encoded metadata as MPEG-2 private data streams in support of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) operations. Building on this baseline "2on2" capability, "Xon2" will provide a migration path to inject improved compressions technologies, which will yield improved image quality and/or reduced bandwidths. NIMA’s Persistent Surveillance Office anticipates accelerating fielding of "264on2" using advanced video compression standard H.264 as described in this paper.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Guy W. Beakley, Guy W. Beakley, Stephen W. Long, Stephen W. Long, Thomas L. McMahon, Thomas L. McMahon, Walter C. Gish, Walter C. Gish, Pankaj N. Topiwala, Pankaj N. Topiwala, } "Application of H.264 for DoD sensor systems", Proc. SPIE 5203, Applications of Digital Image Processing XXVI, (19 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.512563; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.512563
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