10 November 2003 High reliability of silicone materials for use as polymer waveguides
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Silicones are known for their excellent performance in applications with harsh environmental conditions. They are very well known for their high temperature stability, resistance to moisture and other adverse conditions. This paper will overview key properties of siloxanes that make them attractive materials for numerous photonics device applications with emphasis on polymer waveguides. Both thermal-mechanical and optical properties will be reviewed. Testing of key optical properties of several siloxane materials, both before and after exposure to heat, humidity, and high optical flux will be discussed. Fabrication and processing for production of polymer waveguides, and the resulting polymer device performance will be shown. Finally, the high reliability of siloxane based waveguides is demonstrated by the Telcordia testing of a fully functional, packaged, Variable Optical Attenuator (VOA).
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Ann W. Norris, Jon V. DeGroot, Takuya Ogawa, Toshinori Watanabe, Tony C. Kowalczyk, April Baugher, Robert Blum, "High reliability of silicone materials for use as polymer waveguides", Proc. SPIE 5212, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials III, (10 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.505071; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.505071

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