16 February 2004 Inverted topside-emitting organic light-emitting diodes
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Top-emitting organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDS) for next-generation active-matrix OLED-displays (AM-OLEDs) are discussed. The emission of light via the conductive transparent top-contact is considered necessary in terms of integrating OLED-technology to standard Si-based driver circuitry. The inverted OLED configuration (IOLED) in particular allows for the incorporation of more powerful n-channel field-effect transistors preferentially used for driver backplanes in AM-OLED displays. To obtain low series resistance the overlying transparent electrode was realized employing low-power radio-frequency magnetron sputter-deposition of indium-tin-oxide (ITO). The devices introduce a two-step sputtering sequence to reduce damage incurred by the sputtering process paired with the buffer and hole transporting material pentacene. Systematic optimization of the organic growth sequence focused on device performance characterized by current and luminous efficiencies is conducted. Apart from entirely small-molecule-based IOLED that yield 9.0 cd/A and 1.6 lm/W at 1.000 cd/m2 a new approach involving highly conductive polyethylene dioxythiophene-polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) as anode buffers is presented. Such hybrid IOLEDs show luminance of 1.000 cd/m2 around 10 V at efficiencies of 1.4 lm/W and 4.4 cd/A.
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Thomas Dobbertin, Thomas Dobbertin, Daniel Schneider, Daniel Schneider, Anis Kammoun, Anis Kammoun, Jens Meyer, Jens Meyer, Oliver Werner, Oliver Werner, Michael Kroeger, Michael Kroeger, Thomas Riedl, Thomas Riedl, Eike Becker, Eike Becker, Christian Schildknecht, Christian Schildknecht, Hans-Hermann Johannes, Hans-Hermann Johannes, Wolfgang Kowalsky, Wolfgang Kowalsky, } "Inverted topside-emitting organic light-emitting diodes", Proc. SPIE 5214, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices VII, (16 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.505811; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.505811

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