16 February 2004 The interchain origin of the green emission band in oxidized poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO)
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Abstract
We report systematic measurements of the evolution of the emission characteristics of PFO whilst undergoing photo-oxidation. Pure PFO and highly diluted PFO/polystyrene blended films were prepared for the studies by spin-coating. Each film was oxidized by exposure to the 351 nm line of a cw Ar+ laser. Both the kinetics of the various spectral components and the photoluminescence intensity for each film was monitored as a function of oxidation time and their respective behaviors were compared. Our results demonstrate that there is a strong tendency for singlet intrachain excitons initially created on pristine PFO segments to migrate to the fluorenone moieties produced by photo-oxidation. However, we conclusively show that emission from states localized at these defect sites cannot account for the appearance of the broad green emission band (g-band) that is well-known to occur in degraded polyfluorenes. Instead, it is shown that the g-band must emanate from interchain states that are formed after energy has been transferred to the fluorenone moieties (either via energy transfer form non-defective PFO segments or by direct excitation).
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Marc Sims, Marilu Ariu, Aristidis Asimakis, Mattijs Koeberg, Mathias Stouff, Mark Fox, Donal D. C. Bradley, "The interchain origin of the green emission band in oxidized poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (PFO)", Proc. SPIE 5214, Organic Light-Emitting Materials and Devices VII, (16 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.506340; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.506340
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KEYWORDS
Excimers

Excitons

Absorption

Luminescence

Oxidation

Polymers

Picosecond phenomena

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