6 February 2004 Comparative analysis of photovoltaic principles governing dye-sensitized solar cells and p-n junctions
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Abstract
We discuss a generalized model for a solar cell, and the realization with heterogeneous photochemical photovoltaic converters such as the dye-sensitized solar cell. The different steps involved in the conversion of photon energy to electrical energy, indicate that a key point to consider is maintaining the separation of Fermi levels in the selective contacts to the absorber. In order to understand the irreversible processes limiting the efficient operation of the solar cell, it is necessary to obtain a precise description of the internal distribution of Fermi levels. We suggest the equivalent circuit as a central tool for obtaining such description, in relation with small perturbation measurement techniques. The fundamental steps of excitation and charge separation, and the losses by transport and charge transfer, can be represented by suitable circuit elements, and the overall circuit configuration indicates the operation of the selective contacts. The comparison of the equivalent circuits for heterogeneous dye solar cells and solid-state p-n junctions, shows the significant difference in the mechanisms of the selective contacts of these solar cells.
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Juan Bisquert, Juan Bisquert, Jorge Garcia-Canadas, Jorge Garcia-Canadas, Ivan Mora-Sero, Ivan Mora-Sero, Emilio Palomares, Emilio Palomares, } "Comparative analysis of photovoltaic principles governing dye-sensitized solar cells and p-n junctions", Proc. SPIE 5215, Organic Photovoltaics IV, (6 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.506907; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.506907
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