2 February 2004 Assimilation of heterogeneous calibration measurements for the APEX spectrometer
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Abstract
The underlying algorithmic architecture of the level 0 to 1 processing of the APEX spectrometer is presented. This processing step calculates the observed radiances in physical units from the recorded raw digital numbers. APEX will operate airborne and record radiance in the solar reflected wavelength range. The system is optimized for land applciations including limnology, snow, soil, amongst others. The instrument will be calibrated with a flexible setup in a laboratory as well as on-board. A concept for the dynamic update of the radiance calibration coefficients for the APEX spectrometer is presented. The time evolution of the coefficients is calculated from the heterogeneous calibration measurements with a data assimilation technique. We propose a Kalman filter for the initial version of the processor. Additionally, the structure of the instrument model suitable for the analysis of APEX data is developed. We show that this model can be used for the processing of observations as well as for the calculation of calibration coefficients. Both processes can be understood as inverse problems with the same forward model, i.e. the instrument model.
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Johannes W. Kaiser, Johannes W. Kaiser, Daniel R. Schlapfer, Daniel R. Schlapfer, Jason Brazile, Jason Brazile, Peter Strobl, Peter Strobl, Michael E. Schaepman, Michael E. Schaepman, Klaus I. Itten, Klaus I. Itten, } "Assimilation of heterogeneous calibration measurements for the APEX spectrometer", Proc. SPIE 5234, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites VII, (2 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.511126; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.511126
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