13 February 2004 Hydrologic land-cover classification mapping at the local level with the combined use of ASTER multispectral imagery and GPS measurements
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Digital Elevation Models (DEMs) and land cover products are primary inputs for hydrologic models of surface runoff that affects infiltration, erosion, and evapotranspiration. DEM and land cover play important role in determining the runoff characteristics of specific catchment areas. Recently, at local level, a number of data sources have been used to derive land cover products for high resolution studies. These studies have been carried out for a number of different applications, including estimation of biomass and vegetation mapping. A hydrologic land cover classification includes information not only about vegetation species, but also about the land surface and what classes are important hydrologically. This kind of classification must therefore incorporate information on elevation, slope, aspect, surface roughness, as well as vegetation species derived from satellite added-value products. The main problems when generating hydrologic land cover maps is the lack of accurate DEMs and the confusion of spectral responses from different features. In this study, a Terra/ASTER image acquired over the region of Heraklion, Crete, Greece was used. ASTER stereo imagery is used for DEM production because it gives a strong advantage in terms of radiometric variations versus the multi-date stereo-data acquisition with across-track stereo, which can then compensate for the weaker stereo geometry. GCPs (Ground Control Points) derived from differential GPS measurements were also used for absolute DEM production. A hydrologic land cover classification scheme was developed by combining ASTER multispectral imagery, ASTER DEM products and the spectral signatures derived from field observations at predefined training sites.
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Nektarios Chrysoulakis, Nektarios Chrysoulakis, Iphigenia Keramitsoglou, Iphigenia Keramitsoglou, Constantinos Cartalis, Constantinos Cartalis, "Hydrologic land-cover classification mapping at the local level with the combined use of ASTER multispectral imagery and GPS measurements", Proc. SPIE 5239, Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology III, (13 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.515575; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.515575

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